Appropriation, Emulation, or Appreciation?

katyperry-cultural-appropriation

There’s a lot of talk about the problem of “appropriation”, meaning the usage of cultural practices, clothing, words, etc. by a non-member for their own purposes. Like the concept of political correctness, though, there seems to be contention over what is considered “appropriation” and what is considered “appreciation”. When is a person taking for their own use with disregard or disrespect… and when are they simply emulating popular culture? Is there a line, a gray area, or an all-or-non mentality? Who is the decider on where any divisions lay?

Let’s take a look at Nipponophiles, or “Weeaboos” as they are more vulgarly known, and their obsession with Japan. At what point does appreciation for Japanese anime, manga, food, and culture cross that line into appropriation? I have looked through a number of blogs, opinion pieces, and discussions and it seems like they focus on two aspects: respect and awareness. Are you doing this in complete respect to the originating culture? Those who take only what they want just because it’s “cool”, such as stealing certain words or gestures or downing traditional matcha like a Starbucks tea, are guilty of appropriation. Worse are those who do so without any knowledge of the culture itself, such as tattoos in kanji or wearing kimonos as daily garb. Are you doing something with understanding of the culture it originated from and differences with your own? Those who want to believe they’re Japanese and latch onto the culture because they cannot handle their own are appropriating. We can be respectful and participate without ignoring who we are and the origins of the other culture’s practices.

Despite these two factors, there are other aspects that make people irate that I question their veracity. At what point can a person use Japanese terminology and gestures without being guilty of appropriation? Many bloggers upset at these acts claim you should never use Japanese words and mannerisms if you’re not speaking Japanese; to enhance one’s primary language (often English) with the occasional phrase is crossing the line. My problem is that this doesn’t account for linguistic evolution or those languages that are already mixed. What about Hawai`ian Pidgin English, a recognized language that uses English at its base yet blends in a variety of other languages, including Japanese. Is it appropriation to say, “I need to shishi”? Is it fine when you’re in Hawai`i, where the term is regularly used? Or is it acceptable for anyone who has been around said language? And then there’s the English language itself, which the American dialect contains close to 100 words originating from Japanese. Tycoon, soy, tsunami… judo, Shinto, anime… even the dreaded “kawaii!” have all melded into our language and are in dictionaries. Is it appropriation to take words from elsewhere or is it intercultural exchange when they enter your vernacular?

Another example is the claim that certain ethnocentric practices are limited to that culture. What about practices that are recent, often stemming from assimilation of other popular cultures? While many may agree that the inappropriate wearing of kimonos is appropriation, the line is less clear on recent trends including anime, J-Pop, and Harajuku styles. Are these inherent to the culture at hand or are they popular (and transient) enough to be open to anyone appreciative? Is an American who likes to wear cat ears, wear Hello Kitty backpacks, and yell “Kawaii!” appropriating or simply emulating a new aspect of global pop culture?

Another issue is who determines the line between appropriation and appreciation? Most of the blogs and articles about Nipponophiles are written by Americans of Japanese descent, upset at what they see as insensitive and ignorant acts by others (primarily Caucasians). Yet many celebrities who emulate Japanese culture are doing so in Japan, in concert with Japanese businesses or organizations, often for Japanese audiences. Who is really the determinant on whether someone is appropriating or appreciating? Is it solely an issue in America by PoC-Americans directed at White Americans, stemming from the battle with a culture of stereotype, bigotry, and racism? Another concern is whether appropriation is limited to Caucasians or if it is found whenever anyone uses aspects of another culture. There is an obsession with Orientalism in American Hip-Hop that could be considered “appropriation”, and the American Wild West is often emulated in many foreign countries, including Japan and South Africa. What about intra-European emulation, including Celtophiles and Nordophiles? Are Americans who wear kilts or runes as guilty of appropriation as the others?

This seems to be like political correctness, a hotbed of debate over whether someone is being culturally insensitive, ignorant, or outright racist. Someone may take offense, but the problem is determining if the offense was intended or existed at all (in the eyes of said culture) and what can be learned. I was once told by someone that “American Indian” is offensive and that I should use “Native American”; in turn, my grandfather (who was part Cherokee) said they were stupid, he had no problem with the term “Indian”, and maybe they should worry about more important shit. As we become a global community, we certainly have to be prepared for intercultural conflicts, cultural sensitivity, and use critical thought in our words or actions. Yet, we must also be prepared for the blending of cultures that has occurred since Roman times, including assimilation, appropriation, emulation, and all the other “-ations”… all so we can become a singular nation.

A Critique of Awesome Con 2014

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I would like to start by explaining my point-of-view regarding conventions in general. I am familiar with cons on a local level, although I have never been a regular attendee. Most of my experience in this industry originates as occasionally volunteering, running an artist’s table, or through conversations with numerous associates. Among these friends and acquaintances I include a man who chaired a local convention for years (and often worked guest relations at others across the country), a variety of artists and dealers, and countless volunteers (including some of your own).

I would also like to clarify my view on Awesome Con this year, which is a position of high praise. I am highly critical of conventions because of experience and I will admit I was wary about attending. I have often loathed these events, mostly because of the bad behavior from both attendees and staff. I’d long had my fill of “con politics,” unprofessional staff, demanding customers, and poor logistics, so I arrived taking everything with a grain of salt. That being said, despite the claims from some reviewers, I found little of that at this convention and far more good to outweigh any bad.

Even though I come from a positive view of the entire experience, that does not mean the convention should ignore complaints. There is always room for improvement and whether a convention does well is dependent on how the event answers concerns. Thus, this critique is designed to highlight the positive experiences, negative experiences, and recommendations for improvement. All of this comes not only from my own personal experiences but also others’ complaints as well as the wisdom of a variety of people working at all levels of this industry.

Positives

As my overall experience was positive, it is hard to list any singular aspect to focus on for praise. I can start with the dealer and artist tables, which I thoroughly enjoyed. Even ignoring the wide variety of booths and tables, which helped avoid redundancy, there was a wonderful layout. The wide aisles helped temper the amount of traffic jams, allowing better flow and more customers at each table. Several associates, regulars at NYCC and SDCC, praised the wide aisle space and open flow of the main hall. In addition, leaving areas on the side for people to walk without entering the shopping areas was also a smart idea.

The convention chose perfect celebrity guests, even if a bit overwhelming. I realize that Billie Piper was the big seller for many, but individuals like Sean Astin and Danai Gurira made this far more worthwhile to a broader audience. Adding a variety of convention regulars, like Nicholas Brendon and Ernie Hudson, combined with lesser known supporting actors provided a bevy of people for everyone to see. I also would like to praise the concept of celebrity interaction, dividing photo ops with autographs with Q&As; there were some logistical problems with implementation (that I will cover later), but the concept was sound.

The panels, while not perfect, did provide many interesting opportunities. From advice on writing to interesting conversations on the zombie apocalypse, there was usually something for everyone. In addition, various artistic endeavors, from Shakespearean Star Wars to Super Art Fight, added something entertaining to break up the usual shopping and lines for celebrities. Although my experience with panels is limited, as many previous conventions I worked with had none, I found very few that were poorly done.

Finally, although there were a few complaints about staff behavior, I had none. I have previously dealt with unprofessional volunteers and rude facility employees, but I found little of that here. The volunteers were all very helpful, including some who were currently on break but took a moment to help me when I needed it. Although obviously overwhelmed at times, the “Brute Squad” was never discourteous, arrogant, or conflictive and they behaved quite well compared to my previous con experiences.

Negatives

The biggest complaint I heard, and experienced a bit myself, was very poor line control. There appeared to be confusion among staff on how to manage lines, some areas were not set up well (or at all) for the mass of people that showed, and often there was a complete lack of information guiding anyone. This situation would lead to irritated individuals, emotional responses, and even some conflict. There is plenty to say about lines later on in recommendations, especially as line problems were widespread and occurred everywhere from the initial entry to those inside for panels and celebrities.

Similarly, tickets were apparently a nightmare for pre-registered individuals. I did not directly deal with this, as I not only purchased VIP but also picked my pass up prior to opening on Friday. Many people were apparently stuck in lines for hours simply to make it inside. Some of this may have been because of equipment failure, as I heard that the massive use of center bandwidth interfered with the scanners. Other problems may have arisen from poor line management, with individuals confused on where to stand or what to do. Of course, this was also exacerbated by a number of attendees choosing to arrive after the convention had begun, which was poor time management on behalf of the customer rather than the con.

Scheduling nightmares were bound to happen, but the sheer amount of conflicts with celebrity schedules was notable. Arriving late was the least of the problems, but choices by guests (or their promotional managers) to shut down lines or shift their position caused a variety of complaints. Many attendees planned their visits in advance, purchasing tickets for specific times, only to find that the time had been moved with minimal notice. Although Awesome Con recommended the use of a smartphone application, many individuals had no access and could only rely on the program brochure once they were there. A lack of public displays on scheduling delays and changes exacerbated previous line issues.

Although I praised the volunteers’ demeanor and behavior, I do have to note their lack of knowledge regarding various issues. Many were overwhelmed and confused with the tasks they were provided, thrust into unfamiliar situations with little more (or even less) understanding than the attendees. They were not trained in how to control large groups of people, they were placed in areas they might not understand, and they were often given conflicting information on how to do their job. A lack of standard practices and explanations for a given event often created problems as attendees were told two different things depending on whom they talked to and when.

My final negative experience also focused on the lack of consistency and clarity, this time with the convention ticketing itself. A number of complaints arose when VIP holders, who had repeatedly asked questions prior to the convention about their capabilities, arrived to find something completely different than the answers they had received. We were told that we did not have to worry about photo ops or autographs selling out, that all we had to do was arrive with our “free” tickets and stand in line. Some of us arrived on Friday and found out we did have to pick a specific day from the start; those who arrived later on Saturday were told they could not use their “free” tickets for (now)sold-out shows. Similarly, Billie Piper VIPs were often told online they had all of the same accessibility as regular VIPs, yet volunteers were telling them they only had fast access to Billie Piper-related events. This lack of consistency between previous answers and on-site policy was the source of one of the largest problems throughout the convention.

Recommendations

Now that I’ve highlighted the main positives and negatives, I have a few recommendations. I recognize these are not always feasible and that my own experience with the behind-the-scenes logistics may be limited. Despite that, these recommendations are based on others’ advice and my own experience in administration, security, and human behavior.

First, there needs to be a standard operation procedure (SOP) for people to use when determining behavior. These do not take long to write and they can help when the convention staff becomes compartmentalized. Individuals dealing with celebrity events may require different rules for those taking tickets, and everyone between needs to be aware of basic practices and etiquette. SOPs can also prevent the lack of consistency in rules enforcement and organization, by providing staff with the basics of their position or the con in general.

Similarly, whoever is answering questions and deciding con policy needs to be a singular person or department and they all need to follow an agreed upon set of rules and guidelines. Too many people were told one thing only to arrive and find it completely different. If you list the exact rules regarding accessibility and privileges, from dealers to VIPs to single-day passes, you can then communicate them to everyone. Put them into your SOPs or on your website for everyone to read, like the FAQs. Make sure any volunteer who will be within a given area is educated on these rules.

In addition to knowledge of SOPs and a singular set of rules, all volunteers should be required far more than the 30-60 minute meetings I heard about. While understandable that not everyone has the time to dedicate, when you have that many people they need to know what they are doing. People should only be assigned to tasks they have been educated on and agree they can perform. I also heard that a number of people did not show or were unhappy with their schedule. Volunteer issues are a longstanding problem in this industry, with some people often using a single shift as a reason for a free pass. One way to counter this, and allow flexibility in volunteers, is to create an open schedule at the meeting and let people pick their assignments and time slots. This policy can even allow people to agree to cover for others should individuals find themselves suddenly unavailable.

Line management has a variety of solutions, many of which come from simple education of volunteers. Providing them with enough stanchions, barriers, ropes, etc. for a given area is recommended, such as the hallways (where lines often wrapped in on themselves) or the photo ops (where many people would arrive at once). A simple discussion on how to accurately control a line, including behavior, plans, recommendations dependent on doorways, etc. can help a volunteer do their job with minimal conflict.

Both line management and scheduling changes would also benefit from a wonderful resource: dry erase boards. They are efficient, cheap, and come in a variety of sizes for any specific event or section. The lines outside the photo op could have stanchion-mounted ones listing the current celebrity and time. Larger ones in that same area could have been mounted on sign easels or hung from the curtained areas, with a longer schedule and remarks about time changes or delays. Anywhere information was likely to regularly change, these could have been useful to organize and direct people.

Conclusions

To be clear, my critique remains from the stance of someone who had a wonderful time at Awesome Con 2014. I found the panels interesting, the dealers and artists amazing (and spacious), and loved my brief interactions with celebrities of all levels. The staff did their best, the experience was professionally done, and I will be recommending Awesome Con to everyone.

Even with that, there were some problems that upset people and there is always room for improvement. A standard operating procedure (SOP) can help put everyone on the same page on how to deal with certain areas or problems. A singular person or department running FAQs and online Q&A will limit inconsistency in attendee privilege and access. Better education and equipment on line management can help limit conflicts and confusion. In addition, the use of dry erase boards for everything from line clarification to notices of schedule changes provides an easy channel of communication.

I encourage that this critique is taken to heart and not seen as just another reviewer venting. I mention my experience and stance not to create the appearance of an expert (which I am far from); instead, I wish to emphasize that this analysis is based on a variety of views, as well as standards of leadership, organization, and professionalism that can help in any industry. In the end, I simply hope that Awesome Con is just as awesome, if not more so than this year.

Freedom of (Hate) Speech

hate-speech-vs-free-speech

I’ve seen a lot of people discussing Moore, OK and the crowd of people that chased off Westboro. I will admit, there was something satisfying watching those idiots suffer some serious social repercussions for their hatemongering. Their behavior is reprehensible and ignorant and I really wish they would go away.

That being said, we should be clear that threatening someone you don’t agree with is not being a “good American” or in keeping with the Constitution. (And yes, approaching them in an angry, menacing way while shouting ~is~ threatening them, regardless of physical contact.) Too many times people cry about their right to free speech, but what they really mean is they support free speech they agree with. They protest about government intrusion when their beliefs are silenced, but then declare justice when an opponent receives the same treatment.

If this had been a pro-LGBT or pro-choice rally that was outnumbered, with a group of rural mid-westerners approaching them in that manner, this story would have been conveyed much differently. There would have been cries for social justice and police investigations on these “intolerant rednecks” who ran the peaceful protesters out. No matter how satisfying it might have been to see Westboro run away, the behavior of the counter-protesters was unethical and inappropriate. Westboro had a legal right to be there and spout their hate without the threat of violence upon their person.

The Constitution protects everyone’s right to free speech, whether you like or agree with it.

Road Rage and Karma

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There’s been a lot of discussion recently about a video from Tampa involving a road rage incident, with a tailgating truck ending up on the wrong end of karma. People have been divided, some saying that man got what he deserved, others blaming the woman taking the video for causing things to escalate in the first place. There are many opinions on what to do when dealing with an aggressive, hostile driver, but the ones I disagree with the most involve just giving in and getting out of the way.

Speeding up and pulling over all to let an asshole go by is the wrong solution and contributes nothing toward a better “road culture”. That’s like telling a school kid being bullied the solution is to keep his head low and avoid where the bully is. At some point, someone has to stand up to people who are assholes. If that requires being an asshole yourself, I’m fine with that. If someone bullies my kid, I’ll let him fight back regardless of school policy, “two wrongs”, etc. That doesn’t mean I regularly drive poorly or screw with other drivers. I’m actually a safe, defensive driver who tries to abide by the “social rules” of the road, and I will be respectful to other drivers as long as they are to me. The moment someone decides to be an asshole, though, I will make sure they learn their place. Here’s some basic rules everyone should understand…

  • If I’m in the left-hand lane, going at least the speed limit, and passing people… you can wait.
  • If I’m pacing the vehicle in front of me, regardless of speed limit… you can wait.
  • If I’m in a middle lane and passing people… you can wait or go around.

Any tailgating, flashing of lights, obscene gestures, etc. will result in my pacing the vehicles next to me and locking you in. Anything more aggressive will result in a police BOLO of a “drunk driver” matching your vehicle’s description… if I’m being nice (and law-abiding).

The issue with drivers these days is there are no consequences for their poor behavior, and thus they keep acting that way. The state doesn’t care, as they’ll hand out a license willy-nilly to anyone who can pass a simple written test and parallel park in a closed course. The police don’t care, as they have bigger things to focus on than aggressive drivers. That leaves the rest of polite society to remind some people that their behavior will not be tolerated. There has to be a consequence, and since there is rarely a legal one there has to be a social one.

I fully agree with what the woman did, so long as she herself was driving safely. Don’t want people to be assholes to you while you’re driving? Don’t be the first one to start it.